Peeling or exfoliation is a basic beauty ritual, as it renews the skin to keep it healthy. Do you know which one suits you?
When we do a peeling or exfoliation, what we seek is to regenerate the skin by detaching dead cells from the skin’s surface. We remove old cells to reveal new ones. These are the benefits for the skin of performing a peel:
- Fewer blemishes. With this cleaning small imperfections such as acne and other age spots are eliminated. The skin acquires a more uniform tone.
- Better hydration. It also improves hydration, because the thickness of the stratum corneum is reduced, purifying and facilitating the penetration of cosmetic active ingredients. That is why it is highly recommended to associate it with another specific cosmetic treatment (for acne or wrinkles, for example), to improve its effectiveness.
- More light. By controlling seborrhea and activating circulation, the face glows and the skin looks fresh and youthful.
- More smoothness. The peel has a keratolytic effect and stimulates the synthesis of glycosaminoglycans, the compounds that form the skin’s support matrix, such as collagen, improving elasticity.
THERE ARE 3 TYPES OF PEELING
In each type of peeling, we have good natural options.
- Physical: by means of very small particles they carry out a very soft, superficial and mechanical abrasion that drags dead cells. They must be rounded particles, without edges, that do not irritate the skin. In natural cosmetics mineral powders are used such as pumice stone and clays and ground plants or their seeds, such as those of vanilla, poppy, strawberry or raspberry. Also shells and bones of fruits and barks: almond, olive, apricot, cocoa, walnut, coconut, rosehip, rose hip, bamboo.
- Enzymatic: with plant enzymes that act on the superficial layers of the skin. We can prepare them fresh as a facial mask using fruits such as papaya, with its action by papain, or pineapple, which provides bromelain. The enzymes must be in contact with the skin to be released and penetrate the first layer, where they favor the elimination of the most superficial cells.
- Chemicals: they are gels or creams with active substances that soften the skin and eliminate the cells of the superficial layer. There are exfoliating actives that, at higher doses, act at a deeper level and must be administered and controlled by a professional, since the skin literally falls off, becomes red and needs a lot of aftercare, especially taking care of the sun with sunscreen.
As for chemical peels, in natural cosmetics AHAs or alpha hydroxy acids are used. Among them we find acids such as citric, present in orange and lemon extracts; glycolic acid from sugar cane; lactic acid from milk; salicylic from gualteria, or malic and tartaric acid from apples, grapes, blueberries, and other fruits.
HOW TO CHOOSE THE PEEL AND USE IT WELL
Do you have sensitive skin? Although anyone can benefit from exfoliation, it is important to know your skin type, but especially not to have sensitive, problematic or hypersensitive skin. The treatment time and the type of exfoliation will largely depend on the condition of the skin. Consulting with a dermatologist is the best option to avoid making mistakes in the choice.
- What type of peel to choose? For dry, normal and combination skin, a mild chemical peel or an enzymatic peel is recommended once every 20 or 30 days. Oily skin, on the other hand, needs an exfoliation every two weeks and physical exfoliation with mild particles, enzymatic or with AHA can be applied.
- The effects of the peel can last from 2 weeks to a year. The soft ones should be repeated every 15 days to be able to keep the skin luminous and young; the deep lasts up to a year, but must be administered and controlled by a specialist.
- Protect the skin from the sun. After a superficial peel, the skin is usually sensitive for 1 or 2 days. Do not expose yourself to the sun and apply a sunscreen every day during the treatment, especially if you do a peel to remove spots.